Post-Truth and Postmodernism
According to educational mythology, although it can be said that it is also not fiction but a reality, we live in an era where the truth no longer exists: Jeff Orlowski’s the Social Dilemma discusses the untruth of post-truth. Also, it discusses anti-pluralism towards society and the media. Perhaps it is more precise that there is a truth, but its nature is no longer absolute. These truths are no longer completely truthful. Instead, it is a truth where the truth is still uncertain. Even after history or cynics cultures, we can see these examples, such as 9/11, Brexit, Donald Trump, Rohingya, and Uyghurs.
This circus can link and hang a society of information, which will lead to anarchy action, opposition, and false evidence without having to see clear communication, without hoaxes, and real evidence. It is not surprising that thinkers always dream of this modernization era as a new postmodern world. By merely echoing a conspiracy narrative, a crisp but engaging term called post-truth is born: soundbite in the opinion of many politicians, philosophers, and professors about disinformation.
The New Wave of Social Media
The Social Dilemma focused on the untruth connection associated with the current era where the post-truth of postmodernism has become the domination of all aspects of human life. The emergence of Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and even TikTok welcomes cyber innovation with naivety. Escapism is merely entertainment, which creates a new world of consciousness for each individual. In addition to expanding communication between people, social media has experienced rapid development over the past decade. They always say the golden age of the internet is dead, but if it’s like that, it is the new wave for social media, actually. In the first place, not that much difference between then and now. This human creation has also developed with terrible abilities and has a significant role in shaping human civilization.
Modern Society and Digitalism
Jeff Orlowski’s the Social Dilemma put together an exploration of this material through a documentary. He invited social media activists, technology experts, and psychologists to understand how social media works. Apart from the many materials touched on this topic, the Social Dilemma provides us with information from several trusted sources on the relationship between modern society and digitalism. A first question arises with doubts about “what’s the matter?” Orlowski, together with the introduction of each source, provided an explanation and information to the point. In turn, the audience knows, bit by bit, various messages in a directed and conceptual manner. Social media monitors our every internet activity, the nightmares of Artificial Intelligence, hyperreality, capitalism, psychology, politics, and many.
Overall, I see how the Social Dilemma has an ironic layer within irony of how this all works. Talking about trusting each other may be enough. Still, it’s actually layer-by-layer manipulative that is honestly a little dangerous for some. I don’t think it’s enough to increase mindfulness because overall, as I said, talking about trust is not a definite answer. I can watch the Social Dilemma, forget everything, and be in the real world again. Vice versa. Ironically, illusion and post-truth can be suicide weapons created by the public, the resource person in this documentary, and thinkers.
The Materialism Form
A little explanation, as with post-structuralism or post-imperialism, the concept of post-truth has consequences for the assumption about the era of truth. Truth, before, has dominated belief and decision-making in society. Whether reality is in the form of materialism, humane, sympathy, or empathy, real lies and manipulation, after truth, dominate political beliefs and discusses. Nor is this the first time that the term and post-truth illusion has emerged in society. Populist Greek-era speeches in the senate are more concerned with rhetorical agility than data accuracy. Even the historical words written by the winners are included. Anti-religious propaganda within the Soviet Union and Nazi propaganda in the World War are only a few examples before the term became popular.
Welcome to the Black Mirror
In conclusion, truth, regardless of clinging to prejudice or emotion, does not exist. Since a long time ago, this truth has been more comfortable to dominate public opinion than ratio without relying on factual or objective data. Conceptually, post-truth, along with the development of the internet and new media, challenges the mass media’s dominance as an information channel. The golden era was not an utterly golden era (modern world). Before the internet, the age of emptiness was not a broad era (print media, radio, and television).
There is an information caste where the Mass Media Regime forms the regime’s backbone in the era of nothingness. They are intermediaries and have the aim to curate a piece of information. So, it is as if the public’s point of view is framed without confirming the information we get. Besides, the existence of a code of ethics in presswork practices and disseminating centralized information makes it easier for the press to control it. To assume that “truth” dominates the public conversation, in fact, the objective jury has not been around for a long time. In essence, they have a strong tendency towards the state, the official source, against the opposition, and make them and society close to power’s interests. The black mirror, expect the unexpected, and the Social Dilemma with its untruth of post-truth began to be planted into seeds and doctrines.
In the Social Dilemma, there is a statement regarding the response to this disinformation. For the most part, such a claim, made by former employees of a major tech company, reads their data all extracts user data to sell ads, and represents each advertiser’s “product.” In other cases, it is easier to refute and make a claim as a crutch for the above statement. However, it is also more difficult to argue if the information actually exists. Facebook, Twitter, and others are platforms with advertising, meaning that if they sell ads, they offer everyone the ability to connect for free. This is a denial of some social media business models.
Jeff Orlowski uses a simple metaphor to describe the dangers of social media. He provides fictional characters in the form of people operating behind the scenes. These impressions create the maximization of their interactions with social media platforms. In addition to representing how the algorithm works, this metaphor provides an illustration, not explicitly, of the platform design framing of a drug-like addiction. However, Orlowski takes a critical approach about awareness and consequences of manipulating social media users as monetary gain. In essence, the whole story summarizes a class setting of who the most extraordinary genius is. That person is Silicon Valley and its fantasies. Digital rights and privacy activists have worked for decades to be able to change a vague perspective.
The Post-Truth Era
This is disinformation that has played a huge role since the era of the print media. Social media is like an investment that is not the only hyperreality; it will be a fantasy with its cache. However, they support a wild imagination of the existence of truth. This imagination is born from the idealization of journalism’s objective standards and a series of ethics measures that are dying of new media’s emergence. In 1987, the press justified the war of conflict in the Middle East by playing a significant role in inflating the United States and George W. Bush. Hoaxes from the press came in, before that, declaring war on Spain. As a result, images and illustrations of this role’s conspiracy will never be widely lost in people’s minds. However, it is not wrong with disinformation either. Instead, the public’s view of disinformation has turned into a shifting estimation of truth.
In the Social Dilemma and the untruth of post-truth era, the press is not a gatekeeper. New media and the internet are at the top of an open pyramid. This made the Mass Media Regime have to disappear because it was too frontal and dominating information. Unless new media remedy this weakness, they say, new media has never, decade after decade, become a “narrow” commodity. The awareness of the press industry is not just about making profits. However, they hold the key in circulating public information. It has also developed over a century because they have never been separated from a code of ethics and regulations that ensure the press’s centralization. In essence, they do not forget about public functions.
People’s views on content on internet platforms make them always prejudice against digesting content. The problem is simple: hoaxes and sharing. The most optimal information in measuring an engagement is not accurate information. Depending on each region or country, the most supportive information is an emotional reaction, whether it discusses partisan politics, religion, terrorism, racism, capitalism, or surveillance. The number of clicks, engagement, and duration is like a convenient and easy incentive to notice the post-truth illusion.
As a spectator, the Social Dilemma mostly does not provide a linear path about the main problem. As cues about awareness, the behavior is the most straightforward answer, but it is challenging to implement. Each application has an uninstallation in Android. The problem will be resolved, and all private data, psychology, and everything will be cured. In other cases, it can be challenging to deal with addiction. However, in other issues, too, it will be difficult for influencers considering that modern business is very binding on the internet and social media. Another question arises: is there an alternative?
Anticipating the Truth
Technologists, social media thinkers, and others think about what surveillance systems are more friendly for nutritional information. The platform and social media industry’s pressure made them realize that this significant shift shapes our world today and in the future. They seek to find a poison of truth on the internet. We never know whether the poison is a small group or a cognitive consumer and producer of information. Philosophically, the concept of society’s truth works according to changes in the structure of knowledge. However, it is not entirely the case that the idea of truth, mostly new, becomes inferior or inaccurate. Essentially, it is implied that post-truth is in the shadow of idealism.
The Large-scale of Awareness
The Social Dilemma and the untruth of post-truth, in addition to being potentially misguided and mistaken, tries to form a view of a phenomenon’s influence. It is neither neutral nor non-emotional in nature. Not society if the meaning of truth does not match structured information. Simply put, the concept of changing structures and technology can change the values and the way an organization works. On the side of changes to change society’s values and way of thinking, adjustment to new challenges and problems is not regressive. The resource person initiated an idea, in the first place, with creativity and positive intentions for the development of human civilization. Ironically, technological sophistication also has flaws. There is a time capsule at the end of the story where large-scale awareness-raising instruments use social media. It is a harsh but beautiful reality of black mirrors. It would be better to anticipate this truth.
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- McIntyre, L. (2018). Post-truth. MIt Press.